How long does it take for a German student visa to process? The processing time for a Germany long-stay study visa may take from 6-12 weeks from the application day. While Germany short-stay study visas are usually decided within 15-30 days by the German missions abroad . The purpose of study preparation includes: Intensive German language course (a minimum of 18 lesson-hours per week), study college, preparatory courses 1. Pre-study visa If you have attended school for 13 years in your home country and passed the Abitur / A-levels /... 2. Language visa If you don't want to learn German in order to subsequently study in Germany but for professional or... 3) Once you have gathered all the required documents. To apply for a German student visa you must go through the following steps: Fill out the Germany Student Visa application form. Have all the German Study visa required documents. Schedule an appointment. Go to the visa application center for the interview. Pay the German student visa fee. Submit biometrics. Wait for processing. Fill out the Germany Student Visa application for German health insurance for international students is essential for being granted a student visa. Students aged under 30 must register with the public healthcare system, but they are eligible to pay a discounted rate of (€80.41) per month, which covers both basic medical and nursing care insurance.You will need to provide proof of health insurance for a German Student Visa
The best time to apply for a German student visa is immediately after receiving the university letter of admission and securing the necessary funds to live and study in Germany. This is one of the most important requirements and if you haven't been awarded an official scholarship, you need to provide proof of financial resources through other means such as having the funds deposited in a German blocked account Secondly, but not less worrying is the effort of getting together all the needed documents for the German student visa application process, including preparation for the visa interview session. In the visa interview session general, personal and specific questions are to be answered, together with questions about the future plans of the applicant after they have completed studies in Germany
Submit the application for a German student visa at the German embassy or consulate, or other intermediating application agencies in your country. The decision about your application is based on the information and the supporting documents you provide. These documents have to be sent as originals, accompanied by two photocopies of each Depending on the purpose of your visit, you need to apply for the appropriate visa to Germany. If the purpose of your visit to Germany is educational and long-term, you are not entitled to the Short-term/Schengen visa (C Visa). However, you will have to apply for the Germany National Visa (D Visa), which is long-term For the initial issue: e.g. blocked account (Sperrkonto) at a German Bank with 10,032.00 euros / submission of a declaration of commitment by a third party on an official form / scholarship / notarized declaration from parents securing the livelihood for the duration of the studies with proof of the income of the parents in the last six month In Germany, you can always apply for a Student Applicant Visa first, fly to Germany, submit your university applications in person, secure a slot, and apply for the conversion of your current visa to a Student Visa. Nonetheless, the procedures are listed above to help you out. Viel Glück You do not require a visa for entering Germany or starting a vocational training programme. If you would like to live in Germany, all you need to do is register as a resident at a local registry office (called Einwohnermeldeamt or Bürgeramt). Further information on this subject can be foun
Studying in Germany (including preparation for university, Proof of a travel health insurance, valid from the issuing of the visa until the start of the semester (not yet needed at the application) as well as the following documents in original or certified copy, provided with 2 copies each (all documents in foreign languages need to be translated into German language by a certi-fied. 3 steps to Germany Below are the steps on how to get your feet in Germany via study visa. Step 1: Making up your mind and deciding the field of study. (Use www.daad.de to search a universit The study preparation visa is for people who would like to study in the university in Germany, but require time in order to meet admission requirements, especially due to reasons of language proficiency. What do you get? A visa for two years with a timely limited working permit; during the first calendar year you will be able to work only in holidays, and starting the second calendar year you. Book a personal 1-on-1 call with me, to clear up your questions: https://calendly.com/obanuu/1-on-1Join our Facebook group to learn more: https://www.faceboo.. I recently gave my student visa interview in The Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in New Delhi. So where were we....Yeah okay we have reached the embassy. The Confirmation letter you get after your visa interview is confirmed specifically says that you should come to the embassy only 10 minutes before your scheduled time. I suggest you should follow that strictly because there is no.
Just like the visa, a residence permit is granted for a particular purpose. International students can get a residence permit either as an applicant for a university place, as a participant on a language course or as a student. The purpose of your residence determines to what extent you can work! Students who are attending preparatory language courses or preparatory college are only allowed to. , Australia, Brazil, El Salvador, Honduras, Israel, Japan, Canada, Monaco, New Zealand, San Marino, South Korea and the United States of America
Students who study in Germany for a maximum of 1-2 semesters can apply for a longer-term visa (according to Art. 18 para. 2 SDÜ) at the German mission abroad. It can be issued for a maximum of one year. You can also take out a German statutory health insurance abroad. Please ask the staff at the German embassy/consulate explicitly about this possibility. Your advantage: You save 100 Euro for. Germany Student VISA: Common Questions & Tips for VISA Interview. By: Abdul Rehman. Important Visa questions The following are some of the important questions that the ambassador asks during the interview for the student visa. 1. Why did you choose this university and how did you find about it? Tip: You should go through the website and handbook of your university carefully. Pen down some. Permits to study in Germany. If you haven't been accepted to study at a German university yet, you can get a three-month, non-working German student applicant visa to come to Germany and fulfil the admission requirements, as long as you have the required qualifications (such as a certified proof of secondary school completion or other degree) Even though as a student you don't intend to depart from Germany any time soon, the three months visa (or sometimes six months) that you are initially given is more or less like a tourist visa which means your passport and other documents accepted for entry must, therefore, be valid for a minimum of three months beyond the period of your intended stay until you have had your visa extended in.
As discussed in the previous post, you need to have a Cover letter for German Student Visa which you need to send along with the application so that the Visa Department gets a clear idea about your application. So here's a sample Cover letter for German Student Visa. Sample Cover Letter Format Deciding to go on a student exchange in Germany was one of the best decisions of my life. Not only did I learn a new language, make lifelong friends, and get way outside my comfort zone -- it also taught me independence, budgeting, and how to make friends wherever you are. Whether you decide to study in the Northern post city of Hamburg near Denmark, or the Southern Bavarian paradise of Munich. Get preparation of Germany Visa interview. 18 Germany Visa Questions and Answers: 1:: Why do you prefer Germany? Germany is most power full country of world , German people is engineering is power of know loge so we prefer of Germany, and also engineering is most good magnifier machinery conpany is only on Germany based. Is This Answer Correct? 261 Yes 39 No. Post Your Answer. 2:: I am Married. Visa for studying; Visa for training; Visa for research; Visa for self-employment; Visa for the recognition of foreign qualifications; Visa for a study-related internship EU ; Visa for the purpose of language acquisition; Specific labour market access; Applying for a visa. Entry visa process; Visa application forms; Local contacts Living permanently in Germany. Settlement permit; Permanent EU. . For students without EU passports, it's 120 full days or 240 half days per year. During the semester, students may only work for 20.
Study Abroad Agencies in Nigeria & Pakistan,Preparation for Life is one of the leading overseas educational consultant agency in Nigeria & Pakistan. Our team of study abroad agents provide professional guidance international services from Islamabad,Karachi,Lahore,Lagos, Abuja & Portharcourt Learn German in Germany. Schiller Language School offers German language courses for university preparation combined with strong visa-support and university admission services for people who wish to study in Germany New Students - Student (F and M) visas for new students can be issued up to 120 days in advance of the start date for a course of study.However, you will not be allowed to enter the United States on your student visa more than 30 days before the start date. Continuing Students - Student (F and M) visas for continuing students may be issued at any time, as long as the student is currently. Started in 2018 by German visa experts — including officials from the German Federal Foreign Office and immigration lawyers — VISARIGHT is an innovative startup that began in Berlin, Germany. We aim to make the process of applying for and obtaining a visa for Germany fast, effortless and affordable. Immigration, priority lane style If you plan to study in Germany, you have to submit an application for a student visa to the respective German mission abroad before travelling. Citizens of the EU are exempted from this duty,.
Everyone would tell you that statement of purpose is perhaps a very important aspect of your application abroad. The degree of importance might vary but it would be more or less important. Hence, it is important to write a statement of purpose that would help you stand apart This is a guide on how to prepare Curriculum Vitae with CV samples, templates, and procedure to write effective CV for university admissions in Germany. Skip to content. email@example.com +91 9986 758329, +91 8073 259343; Student News. Free Profile Evaluation. Call Me Back +91 9986 758329; Call Me Back. Packages. Services. SOP Review; LOR Review; CV Review; Review Bundle; Personal. Germany is highly popular among international students. This is mainly because of the country's many excellent universities, its dynamic student life and good funding options. If you have decided to come to Germany, read on to find out how you can plan your study visit and what help is available Tips for resume writing - Know how to prepare an excellent resume/CV for Studying Abroad. Download free resume formats, samples, guide, and more here Document Preparation Before applying to any universities, you need to make sure that all documents are Document Preparation Read More » Skip to content. firstname.lastname@example.org +91 9986 758329, +91 8073 259343; Student News. Free Profile Evaluation. Call Me Back +91 9986 758329; Call Me Back. Packages. Services. SOP Review; LOR Review; CV Review; Review Bundle; Personal Consultation.
That is why we suggest you to prepare yourself and memorize such information early enough, to avoid giving a hesitant answer during the visa interview. You might answer with I do not have any children yet - in case you are married with no children you should state you are unmarried with no children (if single), or, simply state the number of children and their gender - if having children Exam Preparation. Our flagship services include classroom-based and also online exam preparation for SAT, ACT, GRE, GMAT as well as English proficiency tests such as IELTS, TOEFL (iBT) and PTE. Student Visa. Our certified & reliable Immigration Consultant professionals can help you get a positive decision on your case. Education Loan. Visaa Connections has an exclusive Overseas Education Loan. No tuition fees are charged for doctoral study at public universities in Germany, but for the study visa you will be required to show proof you can support yourself. This is estimated to be about 8,000 Euros a year, though cost of living varies greatly around the country. Semester fees are paid to the student administration AstA) and cover everything from student IDs to access on the city's. So, in some countries you would need a student visa, in other you're required to apply for a residence permit. If you decide to become an Au Pair in Germany you're lucky: every Au Pair who wants to work in Germany needs the same visa. Additionally, only Au Pairs from outside the EU and EFTA country will need one. If you're an EU/EFTA citizen you can work as an Au Pair in Germany without any. Criteria check Your educational background. The goal of a preparatory German language course is to equip students with the language skills needed for studying a bachelor, Staatsexamen or master's course (= subject studies).It is therefore only possible to participate in a preparatory German language course if your educational certificates qualify you to subsequently begin subject studies
If your study abroad trip is during the summer, or under three-months long, you may not need a visa. Most countries will allow students to enter the country for up to 90 days on a tourist visa. However, this isn't true of all countries so definitely make sure you check and double check what kind of visa (if any) you'll need You apply for a student visa well in advance of planned departure for Germany at the German embassy or consulate general in your country. 20. What documents do I need when I apply for a student visa? You have to inquire at the German embassy or consulate general in your country in order to be certain; usually the following documents need to be submitted: proof of your previous studies (and a. Study Preparation Visa in 2nd year of residence. Sign in to follow this . Followers 1. Work allowed? Study Preparation Visa in 2nd year of residence. Started by DanyG, 19 Sep 2017. study preperation; 3 posts in this topic. DanyG 1 1 Gern, Munich; Posted 19 Sep 2017. Following is the rule about working on study preperation visa. If someone has already spent 1 year in germany on a student visa.
If you are a non EU-national, you will enter Germany with a 3 months student visa. This has to be converted into a one year residence permit after your arrival. Since the procedure can take 8-10 weeks, you should contact Freiburg foreigners' office (Ausländerbehörde) immediately after your arrival to ask for an appointment. You just have to send an email to Auslaenderbehoerde@stadt.freiburg. Below you will find some tips on how to pass your student visa interview. Step 1: submit your application. If you are applying to a university in the US, visit the American Embassy in your home country to submit the application for category F-1 student visa. If you are looking to study in Canada, visit the Canadian Consulate in your home country to apply for a study permit. You can also apply. Discover the latest in depth articles for Students who are interested to Study Abroad. Find out about colleges, Universities, courses, exams, careers, requirements, visa information, latest news, updates and much more Fintiba provided me with the best service when I was preparing for my student visa from Turkey in terms of opening the bank account so quickly and issuing the bank statement in a short notice which I needed to attach with my visa application. Fintiba team was available all the time and quite supportive. You are doing a great job Fintiba and wish you all the best! Mohmmad Noor Alshih Ali, Syria.
The requirement to prove your language skills may also be waived if you only want to study in Germany for one or two semesters. What is the best way to prepare for the language? We recommend taking a German language course at your home higher education institution or a language institute like the Goethe-Institut beforehand. Online language courses can also be helpful. The Goethe-Institut. Learn more about studying in Germany, preparing and applying to the university, funding your studies and living. Home; Why Germany? Funding; Preparing & Arriving; Living; Graduation 1. Why Study in Germany. With its 'dual education system', resting on the principle of 'unity of learning and research,' and the emphasis on apprenticeship, the German higher education system has played an. One of the world's most popular non-anglophone study destinations, Germany is an ideal location for studying a medical degree, offering high-quality education at an affordable price. 32 German universities are included in the latest QS World University Rankings by Subject for Medicine, meaning there are plenty of options, depending on what type of university experience you're looking for #5 Prepare financial means. According to the current legal legislation in order to study in Germany, you need to have a minimum of 8,640 euros for a year to cover your living expenses in Germany. This money should be deposited into a German blocked bank account. Moreover, you need this money to get a German student visa as it will show your proof of financial resources. It is necessary that. Apply for your visitor visa, study permit or work permit. If you want to visit, study or work in Canada, make sure you're eligible to apply. Use our application guides to help fill out your application properly, then submit your application. Avoid processing delays by sending us a complete application. 2. Get your fingerprints and photo taken. If you're between 14 and 79 years old, you.
You won't need a visa to study in Germany if you're an EU national or citizen of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway or Switzerland. Otherwise, expect to pay €60 (~US$74) for your student visa, but there are also fee reductions or waivers for Schengen visas Click here for information on how COVID-19 restrictions are impacting our services. Frequently asked COVID-19 Questions for Visas . The Consular Sections of the U.S. Embassy in Berlin and the U.S. Consulates General Frankfurt and Munich are responsible for providing visa services to those seeking to enter the United States for a temporary period. Please visit our Global Support Services (GSS. Canada Study GAP Rules (Updated 2021) For postgraduate courses, Canadian academic institutes accept up to 5 years of study gap. For undergraduate and diploma courses, Canadian academic institutes accept up to 2 years of study gap.. Other than the specified numbers, a few Canadian academic institutes make exceptions for the candidates who have exceptional expertise in their domain of study
If you apply for a B-1/B-2 visa, you must demonstrate to a consular officer that you qualify for a U.S. visa in accordance with the U.S. Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). Section 214(b) of the INA presumes that every B-1/B-2 applicant is an intending immigrant. You must overcome this legal presumption by showing Germany Study Visa, Karachi, Pakistan. 4,684 likes · 22 talking about this · 24 were here. Conzept Connection is expert in Study in Germany Consultation for Pakistani Students, we offer Bachelor in.. PTE and IELTS are English Language Tests which are needed to be attended by the students who are interested in studying abroad.PTE stands for Pearson English Language Test, and IELTS stands for International English Language Testing System. IELTS has test centers in more than 140 countries and was started in 1989, whereas PTE has 200 test centers in the world. Both the exams are very fair and. Study Abroad (Overseas Education) Consultant in Madurai, Chennai & IELTS, PTE, TOEFL, GRE, GMAT, SAT, Spoken English, French, German coaching centre in Madurai and Chennai. BroadMind represents Top Rank Universities in UK, USA, Canada, Australia, Singapore, New Zealand, Ireland, Germany, France, Sweden and Europe. Students can call us at +91-9790950111 or +91-7603800800 for coaching & training. Want to Study in Poland? Prepare for your higher studies in Poland with MS in Poland. Poland University selection, Application process and the Visa guidance all in one platform! Skip to content +91 8073 259343, +91 910 710 8888; email@example.com; Mon - Sat: 10:00 - 19:30; Call Me Back. Facebook-f. Instagram. Linkedin-in. Youtube. Overview. SERVICES. SOP Review; LOR Review; CV Review.
Preparation for Bachelor, Master and Vocational training. You are finishing your high school or Bachelor soon? You want to continue your education in Germany? You don´t meet some requirements yet? We got your back! Mehr. 3/9 Anzeigen deutscher Hochschulen. Esslingen - In the heart of the German automotive and engineering industry. Come study in our international master's programmes for. Student Visa (National Visa, D)You should make sure that you apply for a Student Visa (national visa)!You can receive this in a German embassy (or a Consulate General) in your country of residence. It may take several weeks for a student visa to be issued. We recommend that you find out early about the necessary application materials from the embassy or online sources and that you apply for. If your are planning to study in a studienkolleg, you will have to pass an entry test (Aufnahmeprüfung). All studienkollegs conduct different entry test mostly for German language and Mathematics. However some just conduct test of German language. Here are the sample tests of German Language and Mathematics for your preparation. German Language Tests Studienkolleg Sachsen.....[Read More
With such a job seeker visa (or post-study work visa), you can search for a job that fits your qualifications; and you are allowed to take any job during those 18 months. The German Federal Government offers more information about the graduate residence permit a Studienkolleg, which offers preparation programs for international Bachelor and Master degree applicants. located in the heart of Berlin, Germany. We provide you with Studienkolleg courses in respective subjects: The subjects depend on your chosen degree program. For example: students in Engineering have classes in Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science, and Chemistry. German language.
Germany. The visa can only be issued when this approval has been received. do not serve to prepare for a course of study and which last more than 90. The course must teach at least 18 hours per week. The maximum duration of the course is 12 months. If the language course and your stay are less than 90 days you need to apply for a Schengen visa. During the language course, as a general rule. Persons requiring a visa to enter Germany should therefore submit their applications in good time. German missions around the world; Visa fees: Since 14 May 2008, the fee for all types of visas has been EUR 60. Exemptions may be possible. For more information check here: Visa fees for Germany ; Customs regulations for entering Germany While entering Germany only certain amounts of goods can. By preparing these documents, you can present yourself as someone who will succeed in Germany and will contribute to the German economy. I was advised to keep these documents in a separate folder.
A personal covering letter is an important document for Schengen visa which applicant attached with his visa application, the purpose of the personal covering letter to write down your reason for traveling. Covering letter is the best way to explain your purpose of visit in Schengen area to the country embassy Doing an internship in Germany will prepare you for working life and enhance your employability by giving you skills and experiences that will help set you apart from other applicants. You will not only gain work related experience, but time spent immersed in the German culture, both at work and elsewhere, will give you the sort of cultural literacy that is highly valued by many employers. A.
German Masters degrees. Postgraduate education in German follows a common European format developed as part of the Bologna Process.. This means that German Masters degrees are 'second cycle' qualifications: they usually follow a Bachelors degree (first cycle) and may prepare a student for a PhD (third cycle). Most Masters degrees in Germany are taught courses (postgraduate research is. How to Prepare for Your F1 Student Visa Interview. June 29, 2016. So, you've finished the entire student visa application process, including the affidavit of support and gotten your I-20 form from the school. The next steps towards studying in the United States as an international student is the F1 student visa interview. While it is highly unlikely that a genuine student with financial. Study Research & Career Living About Universities Student visa Work permit How to Apply . Study in Germany. We owe a lot to Germany when it comes to the history of education and universities. Germany is the birthplace of what we call 'research universities' - big places with ivory towers and libraries where new knowledge is produced every day. This university model has since covered the
What are the best cities in Germany to study and live in, that are not just interesting and fun, but also have a low cost of living and are great for international students What are the most in demand professions and urgently needed experts in Germany, in case you're thinking of staying in Germany after you graduate and landing a well-paid job STUDY IN GERMANY | Dreamsky is India most experienced specialist service provider of comprehensive and unbiased overseas education counselling Over many years of track records, we leverage on the resources of entities and the strength of our global network with highly regarded universities to provide first-class education, in a learning environment resulting plenty of exposure to the reallife. Bank statement for Visa, you can apply for visa now by obtaining bank statement from us. Apply in Canada, austria, UK, USA or any other country.. /*-->*/ Germany has a strong economy and a buoyant employment market. As a result, it welcomes qualified workers to join the workforce. Those looking for work can move to Germany with a Job Seeker Visa, which gives them up to six months to search for relevant employment. Those from the EU and 12 other countries do not need to apply for this visa or any special residence permit in order to come. Visa and admission to the University of HamburgWhat do I have to do to get my visa or my residence permit?If you want to study in Hamburg, Germany, first you need a confirmation of admission to the University of Hamburg. You need this admission in order to be able to apply for your student visa [
Please bear in mind that German is the official language in Austria and the main language of instruction at Austrian universities and UASs (Fachhochschulen). Only a few programmes are taught in English. Therefore you have to prove sufficient knowledge of German. At some universities you need proficiency in German corresponding to level B2, at others, a corresponding level of C1 of the Common. The first Invitation letter for Visa that I wrote was done in 2002 when I invited my dad to visit me in Canada. I searched the web for a sample invitation letter for visa and at that time I did not find any good samples. I then contacted a friend who is an immigration lawyer who helped me out.. Since then, I have helped many other people to write several invitation letters for visas to friends. Preparation. Which languages are used in TestAS? Do I know enough German or English for the TestAS? Do I need to have good computer skills in order to take the TestAS? How do I prepare for the TestAS? Registration. How can I register for TestAS? Which modules should I book? When is the deadline for registration and booking? How much does participation in the TestAS cost? I have registered but. MS in Germany: With over 11% of its students' population coming from international destinations, Germany gives strong competition to popular international study destinations like the USA and UK. In fact, the student experience survey by the Times Higher Education rates Germany as one of the most internationalized student countries in the world. While the country has made a name in a wide. To study in Australia you'll need to apply for admission to an institution and a student visa from the Australian Government. Education agents If you need assistance with visas, institution applications or living arrangements, an education agent can help
Study in the USA; Preparation; Student Visas; Student Visas. Anyone who will be studying in the United States could be issued one of the three following visa types for international students: F1 Visa, J1 Visa or M1 Visa. You may be asking, What visa do you need to work as an international student in the US?. The F1 and J1 Visas allow for the possibility of employment but does not. Tailored SoP for your Student Visa Application Purpose: Only Highly Qualified SoP Writers: We know exactly how to make a lasting impression on the reader. Just share your information with us and our writers will make an attention-grabbing document for your student Visa application or even SoP for job application. Have an expert by your side working on your statement of purpose! âŒ¦ Order a. F1 Visa Interview. An F1 visa interview will be required to determine whether or not you are qualified to receive an F1 student visa. You should arrive at the interview with all of the required documents and receipts, and you should be prepared ahead of time to answer personal questions about your decision to study in the US
Student visa. Student visa - USA; Student visa - Canada; Student visa - UK; Student visa - Australia; Jobs & Career . Work visa; Admissions. GPA; Statement of purpose; Nursing Degree Programs - Top Universities Nursing Programs in Canada Nursing is a growing profession and is becoming a popular choice amongst the youth. Registered Nursing (RN) is classified among the top occupations in terms. Study abroad in Germany. Study abroad in China. Study abroad in Japan. Study abroad in Korea. Achieve academic development . It takes courage and commitment to study abroad. The fastest, most exciting way to achieve academic development is by taking part in a study abroad program. Whether you want to enroll in a foreign university or advance your business career in London, we have the best. At this time, if you're applying for a visitor visa, study permit or work permit, apply online. Apply online for a visitor visa; Apply online for a study permit ; Apply online for a work permit; Due to service disruptions related to COVID-19, we are experiencing difficulties receiving and processing applications submitted by mail or in person at a VAC. Do you live in China, India, Morocco. When you have been accepted, you will be sent a form called an I-20, which is the document you will need in order to get a student visa. Take the I-20 form from the school you wish to attend to the U.S. Embassy or Consulate nearest you. Take your passport and proof of financial support (bank statements, scholarship awards, etc.). You will be requesting student visa status, which is usually an.
Prepare for this internationally recognised exam which is the standard qualification for universities, employers, and for visa purposes. Improve your competence in English and learn the skills necessary to achieve your exam goals At TFX we've been preparing U.S. taxes for Americans living in Germany for over 21 years. Our clients live all over the country - large cities like Berlin and Frankfurt as well as small villages in Bavaria If you want to study in Quebec for longer than 6 months, you need a certificat d'acceptation du Québec (CAQ) issued by the Gouvernement du Québec.Your school can give you all the details on how to apply for the CAQ. If your application for a CAQ got approved by the ministère de l'Immigration, de la Francisation et de l'Intégration (MIFI), but you're still waiting to get the CAQ. Visa-free travel does not include those who plan to study, work, or remain in the United States for longer than 90 days or envisions that they may wish to change their status (from tourism to student, etc.) once in the United States. Such travelers need visas. If an immigration officer believes that a visa-free traveler is going to study, work or stay longer than 90 days, the officer will.